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Nepal Rivers

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Are you interested in traveling to Nepal on your next vacation? Do you want to learn about Nepal rivers and water sports you can enjoy with your friends and family? To learn in detail about the fantastic rivers in Nepal, their major highlights and adventurous water sports, continue reading this article.

Nepal is a top tourist destination due to its unique blend of culture, stunning landscapes, and adventurous activities. The country boasts some of the world’s most spectacular rivers, making it a hotspot for water activities such as rafting, kayaking, and canyoning. The rivers of Nepal offer an array of experiences, from the thrilling rapids of the Bhote Koshi and Seti River to the calm waters of the Trishuli River.

These water expeditions not only provide adrenaline-pumping adventures but also a chance to immerse oneself in the country’s natural beauty. The surrounding scenery, including lush forests, cascading waterfalls, and towering mountains, is breathtaking. For those seeking a more relaxing experience, rivers in Nepal also offer opportunities for fishing, boating, and swimming. With its unparalleled natural wonders and exciting water activities, it’s no wonder that Nepal is a top tourist destination.

The abundance of Nepal Rivers has encouraged water tourism and travel program based on rivers in recent years. The initiative of water tourism not only provides immense opportunities for travelers but also helps visitors to understand the importance of water resources in Nepal. Nepal rivers offer you an excellent option for a wide range of water adventures, whether you are an amateur or an experienced rafter.

Nepal rivers are considered the best destination for travelers to enjoy adventure water sports like Rafting and Kayaking. There are numerous rivers in Nepal open for water sports, which you can choose from to experience thrill and adventure like no other. One of Nepal’s most popular destinations for water activity is white water rafting in the Sunkoshi river.

The opportunity lets you feel the force of the stream and enhances the experience of other water sports like fly fishing, kayaking, rafting and canyoning. Further, water sports in Nepal rivers will enable you to enjoy the rural lifestyle,  amazing Nepalese wildlife, and lush vegetation surrounding it. Also, you can relax on the banks of the river and enjoy the fresh and soothing feeling as you indulge in a picnic or camping.

Best Nepal Rivers


The mighty Karnali is of the longest river of Nepal, originating from the Tibetan plateau. It is also often called the “Wild West,” which spans over 513 miles through most parts of western Nepal. The river runs through some of Nepal’s most beautiful national parks, including Rara National Park, Shey Phoksundo National Park and Bardia National Park.

River Highlights

  • Karnali is one of the primary sources of hydroelectricity in the western region of Nepal.
  • The river is also home to several dolphin species.
  • Some of the favorite water activities on the river include angling, fishing and rafting.
  • The main tributary of the Karnali river is Bheri, which originates from the Dolpo region. The sandy beaches and clear waters of the Bheri river make it one of the major attractions for nature and adventure lovers.
  • Seti, Mugu Karnali, and Humla Karnali are other significant tributaries of Karnali that are famous for rafting and kayaking.


The magnificent Koshi river is commonly called Saptakoshi because it has seven main tributaries. It is one of the biggest rivers inNepal. Each of these tributaries are excellent for scenic views and adventure activities. 

The Koshi river is also renowned as the “Sorrow of Bihar” as it causes significant flooding in the Bihar region of India during the Monsoon season. Nonetheless, Koshi contributes to the pristine beauty of the lowlands and acts as a central hub for adventure travelers.

River Highlights

  • Sun Koshi, one of the tributaries of the Koshi rover, is famous for kayaking and white water rafting.
  • The river offers you a picturesque landscape for an enjoyable camping experience.
  • The river beds of the Koshi river are perfect stops to rest and enjoy the pristine view.
  • Bhote Koshi is a popular destination for adventure enthusiasts for river expedition activities and bungee jumping.
  • Similarly, the Bhote Koshi is a major attraction for rafting and canoeing enthusiasts.
  • Another tributary of the Koshi river, Tamor, offers stunning views of Mount Kanchenjunga and is the perfect spot for kayaking.
  • Dudh Koshi is also among the renowned Nepal rivers for being a busy rafting route.


The respective Nepali river is also known as the Sapta-Gandaki river because of the seven tributaries that form the Gandaki basin. The branches of the Gandaki are a network of rivers that are vital for hydropower generation. The river is also famous for its breathtaking natural features and landscapes.

One of Gandaki’s tributaries, the Kaligandaki, creates one of the deepest gorges in the world, known as the Kali Gandaki Gorge, which is estimated to be 6,000m. Nepal’s largest hydro-power project is north of the Mahabharat Range on the Kali Gandaki.

River Highlights

  • Marsyangdi, one of the tributaries of Gandaki, offers you alluring mountain scenery and is considered the top destination for river rafting.
  • You can also start a trekking expedition in the Annapurna region or visit the Annapurna Conservation Area after an exciting rafting experience in the Gandaki river.
  • The Seti and Madi Gandaki are top destinations for water tourism as they offer Rafting from Byas Cave to Gaighat, which takes 2 to 3 days.


One of Nepal’s most renowned rafting destinations, Trishuli is a tranquil and calm river in Nepal that also features stunning gorges and thrilling rapids. Trishuli originates near Rasuwa Gadhi, where Lende Khola and Kyriong Tsangpo merge. The river is just 3.5 hour drive from the capital city of Kathmandu. A short trip to the river is an excellent option for travelers to indulge in while traveling to Chitwan National Park or Pokhara.

River Highlights

  • Stunning gorges, scenic villages and exhilarating rapids.
  • Rafting in the Trishuli river is an excellent opportunity to experience the diversity of landscapes, cultural heritage, flora, and fauna.
  • Swim and relax on the banks of the river.
  • Enjoy the heart-pumping adventure in the river during the monsoon season.

River and Tourism

River and Tourism

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Nepal rivers have been social and economic assets of the country for a long time. Apart from its energy and industrial use, the rivers of Nepal offer a wide range of opportunities for tourist and recreational activities.

Among various forms of tourism in Nepal, river tourism promises the great potential to flourish. Nepal river is considered a primary tourism resource, which provides means of transport, recreation facilities, and a sense of adventure and heritage. River tourism in Nepal has accounted for a significant proportion of the country’s tourism consumption, making it an economically vital tourism area.

Some popular activities done in the rivers of Nepal include river cruise, rafting, exploration, fishing, kayaking, and boating.

Compared to other Asian countries, the Nepal river offers a brilliant venue for river-based water tourism such as rafting. In recent decades, numerous rivers spread across Nepal have been explored for the possibilities of water activities and adventure sports. The Nepal Government has opened sections of ten rivers in Nepal for commercial rafting. Some famous rivers include Trishuli, Bhotekoshi, Karnali, Marshyangdi, Sunkoshi and Seti.

The Nepal river’s sections are graded based on variations in rapids along the rafting sections of the respective river. The Karnali river of Nepal is regarded as one of the best rivers of whitewater rafting in the world. Like rafting, kayaking is yet another adventure water sport in some of Nepal’s calmer and warm rivers.

You can kayak with just a single boat and a paddle as you enjoy the excitement of paddling through the river’s rapids. Trishuli and Bhotekoshi rivers are some of the popular destinations in Nepal for Kayaking.

Rafting & Kayaking Destinations

Rafting & Kayaking

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The rivers in Nepal are some of the best in the world for rafting, attracting thousands of adventure enthusiasts and professional rafters from around the world. The country boasts the most diverse and scenic water sports in the world. Whether you are looking for a rafting expedition that lasts a day or even a week, Nepal offers plenty of options.

The rivers of Nepal descend from the highest mountain peaks in the world. As a result, these rivers grow bigger and faster along the way. While rafting in these rivers,  you get to enjoy breaks on the sandy bitches exploring the pristine landscapes. Further, some raft routes even feature waterfalls, where you can stop and swim or shower.

Marshyangdi, Seti, Trishuli, Karnali and Sunkoshi are popular destinations for rafting in Nepal. The rapids in this river vary accordingly and are graded by experts. They are given names such as “Upset,” “Surprise,” “Big Dipper,” etc.

Let’s look into the best rivers in Nepal that are open for rafting:

Upper Seti River

The river is located just 30 mins drive from the lakeside of Pokhara. It is a short but adventurous rafting adventure that lasts 1-2 hours. You can experience more rapids during the short trip than compared to rafting tours that last 2 to 3 days.

The non-stop adrenaline-filled rafting trip features class III+/IV rapids, offering pristine views of Annapurna, magnificent gorges and beautifully decorated suspension bridges with prayer flags. The excursion lasts half a day, allowing you to experience other adventure sports in the beautiful city of Pokhara.

Trip Highlights

  • Non-stop rapids pump up your adrenaline level
  • Magnificent mountain views
  • Personalized experience

Trisuli River

A Trishuli river trip offers a scenic view of terraced rice fields, scenic valleys, and impressive gorges.The rafting trip in the Trishuli river is relatively easy in comparison to other rivers in Nepal. You will be excited as the raft passes through massive drops and rapids. Also, you can enjoy cliff jumping, swimming, or simply soaking in the sun on the riverbanks.

Trip Highlights

  • Exciting drops and rapids
  • Best short excursion while traveling from Kathmandu to Pokhara
  • Offers you the option of canyoning as well
  • Features Chhimkesory Adventure Camp

Marshyangdi River

The Marshyangdi river flows from the Northern slopes of the Annapurna Mountains. The spectacular whitewater of the Marsyangdi river features some of the most exciting rapids and stunning views of the Himalayas. You can enjoy a two-day rafting trip in the Marsyandi river and Nepal’s intense and challenging whitewater rapids. Rafting in this river of Nepal is for the strong-hearted and requires total commitment from both guide and crew.

Trip Highlights

Kali Gandaki River

The river is named after the goddess of destruction, “Kali.” The river is considered to be one of the holiest rivers in Nepal. Originating from the Tibetan Plateau, the mighty rivers flow through the diverse Himalayan landscapes, carving out the deepest gorge in the world between the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri Mountain region.

With exciting white water rapids, spectacular mountain views, traditional villages, endless suspension bridges, waterfalls, pristine jungle rich in wildlife, deep gorges, cultural temples and beautiful white sandy beaches for camp, we consider this to be the best all-around river adventure in Nepal.

Trip Highlights

  • Exciting white water rapids and stunning views of the mountains.
  • Witness beautiful suspension bridges, traditional villages, temples, and waterfalls.
  • Opportunity to camp on remote beaches.

Karnali River

Karnali is the largest and Longest Nepal river and springs from Mount Kailash. The sacred mountain is located in Tibet and is an essential landmark for both Hindu and Buddhist followers. The river flows through most of the western parts of Nepal and gradually makes its way towards the remote areas and pristine jungles of Nepal.

During your visit to Nepal, you can experience the river’s incredible whitewater excitement. Rafters refer to the experience as “a thrill-a-minute roller coaster ride.” At the same time, you can also enjoy moderate and gentle rapids in the Karnali river as it offers dramatic views and an experience of the pristine and unspoiled wilderness. It is considered one of the best rivers in Nepal for rafting and other water sport.

Trip Highlights

  • Experience the ultimate river expedition in Nepal.
  • Epic whitewater rapids with occasional relaxed rides.
  • Witness the dense vegetation and wildlife of Bardiya National Park
  • Dramatic views of the remote landscape.

Sunkoshi River

The Sunkoshi rivers offer you one of the world’s best water sports and river expeditions. It is one of the most important rivers in Nepal, originating from Tibet, the river flows through the Himalayas and makes its way to the Ganges River in India. An expedition on this river’s whitewater impresses travelers seeking relaxing canyoning or adventurous rafting. Additionally, you can witness and explore caves, beautiful white sandy beaches and interesting temples.

Trip Highlights

  • Beautiful beach for camping
  • Exciting pool drops and fast rapids
  • Pristine jungle, villages and waterfalls.

Tamur River

A trip to Nepal is complete with exploring the majestic Himalayas. Tamur is one of the finest Nepal rivers featuring a scenic trek option for travelers. So, it is considered one of Nepal’s multi-adventure expeditions. During your visit, you can start the Tamur River trek, which offers stunning views of Mount Everest, Makalu, and Kanchenjunga and the lush valleys of Tamur Valley.

The trek ends as you arrive at the Tamur river, and you will begin an adventurous whitewater rafting. The river is an exciting combination of intense drops and class V rapids. Also, during your rafting trip, you will experience the region’s serene, remote wilderness.

Trip Highlights

  • Exciting trekking and rafting combination
  • Remote & challenging
  • Spectacular views of the mountains

Intense and steep whitewater rapids

Nepal River FAQ

Which is the biggest river in Nepal?

Koshi is the biggest river in Nepal.

Which is the deepest river in Nepal?

Gandaki is the deepest river in Nepal.

Which is the fastest river in Nepal?

The Bhote Koshi is one of the fastest rivers in Nepal.

Which is the most sacred river in Nepal?

Bagmati is the most sacred river in Nepal

What is the main river of Nepal?

The main river of Nepal is considered to be the Koshi river. The river is also widely known as Sapta Koshi, which means seven rivers.

What are the 7 rivers that form Koshi?

The seven rivers that converge to form the Koshi River in Nepal are: Sun Koshi, Bhote Koshi, Indravati River, Arun River, Tista River, Dudh Koshi, Tamur River

What are the 10 important rivers of Nepal?

The ten most important rivers of Nepal that have cultural, ecological, and religious significance are as follows: Koshi River, Gandaki River, Karnali River, Narayani River, Sun Koshi River, Arun River, Tamur River, Bheri River, Seti River, Trishuli River